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You are here :  Home > The disciplines of sport shooting

The disciplines of sport shooting

With more than 229,000 members, the French Shooting Federation brings together a wide range of shooting disciplines, in order to meet the expectations of all practitioners:

  • Crossbow
  • ancient weapons
  • Bench Rest
  • Gun
  • rifle
  • moving target
  • Shooting schools
  • Para-Shooting
  • Metallic silhouettes
  • Shooting with Regulatory Weapons
  • trap ball
  • Sports Speed Shooting
  • Long distance shooting

1. Crossbow:

There are two types of crossbow practice, match and field. The Match crossbow remains the discipline that comes closest to the original crossbow, with shooting distances ranging from 10 to 30 meters in a standing or kneeling position.


The Field crossbow, on the other hand, is closer to the practice of archery with the use of strings and arrows. Shooting distances can range from 10 to 35 meters.



2. Ancient weapons

Commonly called black powder weapons, this discipline brings together enthusiasts of weapons from before 1900. It is possible to find pistols, revolvers, rifles, rifles and muskets, with different types of firing (flint, percussion, fuse …)


Strictly original or a faithful replica of the original, black powder weapons reflect a whole section of the history of modern civilization, such as the Napoleonic wars, the conquest of the West, or the Civil War.


A real shooting ritual, the loading of an old weapon is done by the mouth with its dose of powder, its wad, its notebook and its ball. The most erudite among them will make their warheads and cannonballs themselves, by casting lead bullets.



3. Bench Rest

A supported shooting discipline dedicated to pure precision.

The benchrest is practiced seated with a rifle placed on a specific shooting support and equipped with a high magnification telescope. The principle of this discipline is to obtain a group at a distance of 100 or 200 m as tight as possible.


The bench-rest requires an in-depth knowledge of your rifle and its scope, in order to have perfect stability and total control of your trigger for a start of fire without a finger kick.


A discipline that is also practiced with rifles chambered in 22 Lr, at a distance of 50 meters.



4. Gun

The "Pistol" category includes a wide range of handgun shooting.


At the competition level, it is represented in 10 m compressed air and 4.5 mm pellets, as well as in 25 m in 22 Lr and large calibers. It combines both precision shooting and speed shooting. Shooting is done with a free arm in a standing position


At the amateur level in the shooting clubs, the competition disciplines rub shoulders with firearm enthusiasts, shooting with free arms or with two hands with all types of calibers (4.5 mm pellets, 22 Long Rifle, 9x19 mm, 357 Mag, 44 Mag, 45 ACP, 454 Casull, up to 500 Smith and Wesson).


From the semi-automatic pistol, through the striker fired to the revolver, the goal of each licensee is to obtain the best groupings as close as possible to the fly of the 10 of the C50.



5. Rifle

An Olympic discipline, rifle shooting is done either standing on your knees or lying down with shooting distances ranging from 10 meters for compressed air shooting to more than 2000 m for very long distance shooting.


They are found on the launch pads with several operating systems: semi-automatic, bolt action, linear rearmament, manual repetition or single shot.



6. Moving Target

A discipline very appreciated for its playful side but which requires reactivity, reflex and precision.


At 10 meters lead or 50 meters with the famous running boar, this discipline allows you to simulate the passage of a boar during a beat.


The silhouette representing a boar moves on a lateral plane at different speeds in order to gauge the dexterity of the shooter.



7. Balltrap

Discipline of excellence represented at the Olympic Games, clay pigeon shooting is made up of multiple events such as the pit, the skeet, the course or the double trap.


Based on the principle of breaking clay plateaus that follow a random trajectory, Balltrap requires the use of sport guns and traps dedicated to the discipline with advanced technical characteristics. These 12 and 20 gauge over-and-under shotguns are often entirely adaptable to the morphology of the shooter, with adjustable butts, modifiable in advantage and elevation. They are also distinguished by the sight band with which they are equipped (High, Half high, Ascent and flat).


Aesthetically close to a shotgun, trap weapons are optimized for sport shooting, and the different trap disciplines (shouldered shooting on receding plateau, unshouldered shooting). The balance and weight distribution of these stacked shotguns allow natural swings for stable, fast and precise aiming.



8. Shooting with regulation weapons (TAR)

The TAR allows the safeguarding of regulatory weapons that have been provided in armies around the world. Composed of multiple disciplines according to the characteristics of the weapon, this section combines precision and speed.


In order to be admitted to the TAR, a pistol or a rifle must be strictly identical to the military standards of the time.


A discipline which makes it possible to highlight legendary weapons that are still as effective and precise as the Schmidt Rubin K31, Mauser 98, MAS 36, MAS 49/56, Lee Enfield n°4 mk1, M1 Garand, M16, FAL, STG 57 , Springfield 1903…



9. Speed Sports Shooting (TSV)

Born from the American IPSC, the TSV is a section of sports shooting requiring dynamism, power and precision.


The objective of this discipline is to apply shots on the targets of a course in a minimum of time, with maximum precision. The TSV requires great rigor from the practitioner, given the speed of the shots and the movements of the shooter as well as excellent coordination to draw his weapon and practice rapid reloading.


There are three types of events (Short, Medium and Long) with static or non-static posts.


4 types of weapons can be used for the TSV:

- Pistols (Handgun)

- Rifles (Shotgun)

- Semi-automatic rifles (Rifle)

- Long guns chambered in handgun caliber (Pistol Carabine Caliber)



10. Long Range Shooting (TLD)

A discipline that is on the rise with world-renowned competitions such as the "King of 1 mile", the "King of 2 miles" and the "Prince of 1 mile".


The TLD finds its letters of nobility in the military field with a lethal shooting record established at 3540 m by a Canadian soldier equipped with a McMillan TAC-50.


In sport shooting, the practitioner will seek the ultimate grouping on a C50, a C200 or even a C300 with match quality ammunition, and a high quality bolt action rifle equipped with a heavy barrel.


TLD is a discipline that requires great self-control, a perfect knowledge of your weapon and in particular of your trigger for an excellent release.


The shooter must be able to make the necessary shooting corrections in windage and elevation, by means of calculations which he must report, either thanks to the turrets of his telescope or thanks to the graduations of his reticle.


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