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You are here :  Home > The disciplines of sport shooting

The disciplines of sport shooting

With more than 229,000 licensees, the French Shooting Federation brings together a wide range of shooting disciplines, in order to meet the expectations of all practitioners:

  • Crossbow
  • Old weapons
  • Bench Rest
  • Gun
  • Rifle
  • Moving target
  • Shooting schools
  • Para-Tir
  • Metallic silhouettes
  • Regulatory Gun Shooting
  • Ball trap
  • Sports Shooting Speed
  • Long range shooting

1. Crossbow:

There are two types of crossbow practice, the match and the field. The Match crossbow remains the discipline that most closely resembles the original crossbow, with shooting distances ranging from 10 to 30 meters in a standing or kneeling position.

The Field crossbow, for its part, is closer to the practice of archery with the use of strings and arrows. Shooting distances can range from 35 to 35 meters.

2. Ancient weapons

Commonly called black powder weapons, this discipline brings together enthusiasts of pre-1900 weapons. It is possible to find pistols, revolvers, rifles, rifles and muskets, with different types of firing (flint, percussion, fuse …)

Strictly original or a faithful replica of the original, black powder weapons reflect a whole section of the history of modern civilization, such as the Napoleonic wars, the conquest of the west, or the Civil War.

A real shooting ritual, the loading of an old weapon is done by the mouth with its dose of powder, its wad, its notebook and its ball. The most learned among them, will make their own warheads and balls, by casting lead bullets.

3. Bench Rest

A shooting discipline dedicated to pure precision.

The benchrest is practiced seated with a rifle placed on a specific shooting support and equipped with a high magnification telescope. The principle of this discipline is to obtain a grouping at a distance of 100 or 200 m as tight as possible.

The bench-rest requires in-depth knowledge of his rifle and his scope, in order to have perfect stability and total control of his trigger for a firing start without a finger stroke.

A discipline that is also practiced with rifles chambered in 22 Lr, at a distance of 50 meters.

4. Gun

The "Pistol" category includes a wide range of handgun shooting.

At the competition level, it is represented at 10 m compressed air and 4.5 mm weights, as well as 25 m at 22 Lr and large calibers. It combines both precision shooting and speed shooting. Shooting is carried out with a free arm in a standing position

At the amateur level in shooting clubs, the competition disciplines rub shoulders with firearm enthusiasts, shooting with open arms or with both hands with all types of calibers (4.5 mm pellets, 22 Long Rifle, 9x19 mm, 357 Mag, 44 Mag, 45 ACP, 454 Casull, up to 500 Smith and Wesson).

From the semi-automatic pistol, through the striker fired to the revolver, the goal of each license holder is to obtain the best groupings as close as possible to the fly of the 10 of the C50.

5. Rifle

An Olympic discipline, rifle shooting is carried out either standing on the knees or lying down with shooting distances ranging from 10 meters for compressed air shooting to over 2000 m, for very long distance shooting.

They are found on firing points with several operating systems: semi-automatic, bolt-action breech, linear rearming, manual repetition or even single-shot.

6. Moving target

A discipline much appreciated for its playfulness but which requires reactivity, reflex and precision.

At 10 meters lead or 50 meters with the famous running wild boar, this discipline allows to simulate the passage of a wild boar during a beaten.

The silhouette of a boar moves sideways at different speeds in order to gauge all the dexterity of the shooter.

7. Balltrap

A discipline of excellence represented at the Olympic Games, the ball-trap is made up of multiple events such as the pit, the skeet, the course or the double trap.

Based on the principle of breaking clay trays which follow a random trajectory, the Balltrap requires the use of sport and trap rifles dedicated to the discipline with advanced technical characteristics. These 12 and 20 gauge superimposed rifles are often fully adaptable to the morphology of the shooter, with adjustable stocks, modifiable in advantage and in elevation. They are also distinguished by the sighting band with which they are equipped (High, Half high, Ascent and flat).

Aesthetically close to a hunting rifle, the trap guns are optimized for sport shooting, and the different trap disciplines (Shouldered shooting on a receding plateau, unshouldered shooting). The balance and the distribution of the masses of these superimposed rifles, allows natural swing for stable, fast and precise shots of sights.

8. Regulatory weapons shooting (TAR)

The TAR allows the safeguard of the regulatory weapons having been in endowment in the armies of the whole world. Composed of multiple disciplines according to the characteristics of the weapon, this section combines precision and speed.

In order to be admitted to the TAR, a pistol or a rifle must be strictly identical to the military standards of the time.

A discipline which makes it possible to highlight mythical weapons which are always as effective and precise as the Schmidt Rubin K31, Mauser 98, MAS 36, MAS 49/56, Lee Enfield n ° 4 mk1, M1 Garand, M16, FAL, STG 57 , Springfield 1903 ...

9. Speed Sport Shooting (TSV)

Born from the American IPSC, the TSV is a section of sport shooting requiring dynamism, power and precision.

The objective of this discipline is to apply shots on the targets of a course in a minimum of time, with a maximum of precision. The TSV requires great rigor from the practitioner, given the rapidity of the shots and the movements of the shooter as well as excellent coordination to draw his weapon and practice rapid reloads.

There are three types of tests (Short, medium and long) with static positions or not.

4 types of weapons can be used for TSV:

- Handguns

- Rifles (Shotgun)

- Semi auto rifles (Rifle)

- Long guns chambered in handgun caliber (Pistol Carbine Caliber)

10. Long Range Shooting (TLD)

A discipline that is on the rise with world-renowned competitions such as the "King of 1 mile", the "King of 2 miles" and the "Prince of 1 mile".

The TLD found its letters of nobility in the military field with a lethal shooting record set at 3540 m by a Canadian soldier equipped with a McMillan TAC-50.

In sport shooting, the practitioner will seek the ultimate grouping on a C50, a C200 or even a C300 with match quality ammunition, and a high quality bolt action rifle with a heavy barrel.

The TLD is a discipline which requires a great mastery of oneself, a perfect knowledge of its weapon and in particular of its relaxation for an excellent release.

The shooter must be able to make the necessary shooting corrections in drift and elevation, by means of calculations that he must report, either thanks to the turrets of his telescope or thanks to the graduations of his reticle.

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